Glossary of terms

Bioremediation

Bioremediation is defined as the use of biological processes to degrade, break down, transform, or remove contaminants or impairments of quality from soil and water.

Broad spectrum CBD

Broad spectrum CBD is a product that contains additional cannabinoids (with the exception of THC), terpenes, and flavonoids. Broad Spectrum products specifically do not contain THC.

Cannabichromene (CBC)

Cannabichromene (CBC), also called (1) cannabichrome, (2) cannanbichromene, (3) pentylcannabichromene, plays a significant role in the anti-cancer and anti-tumor capabilities of cannabis.

For this reason, the healing powers of CBC increase significantly when combined with other cannabinoids, like THC or CBD that activate endocannabinoid receptors in the brain and throughout the body. CBC is one of the 120 cannabinoids found in the Cannabis plant and is a phytocannabinoid.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. In 2018, clinical research on cannabidiol included preliminary studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain.

Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)

Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and the acidic precursor to CBD. CBDA is found in the live or raw form of cannabis, particularly in the hemp plant and strains bred to cultivate higher CBD levels. CBDA converts to CBD through decarboxylation, which occurs when cannabis is exposed to heat or sunlight.

CBDA can be consumed by juicing with raw cannabis, and is also found in tinctures, topicals, and capsules. CBDA shows promise as an anticonvulsant, anti-nausea, and vomiting agent, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory. CBDA may also have antibacterial, antioxidant, and cancer preventing properties.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

Cannabidivarin (CBDV) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in Cannabis. It is a homolog of cannabidiol, with the side-chain shortened by two methylene bridges. Plants with relatively high levels of CBDV have been reported in feral populations of C. indica from northwest India, and in hashish from Nepal.

Cannabigerol (CBG)

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that plays an important role in the biochemistry of the cannabis plant. CBG is present only in trace amounts in most cannabis strains, however some hemp strains are specifically cultivated to generate higher yields of this cannabinoid.

Cannabigerolic Acid (CBGA)

Cannabigerolic Acid (CBGA) is one of more than 120 identified cannabinoid compounds found in the plant genus Cannabis. Cannabigerol is the non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid, the parent molecule from which other cannabinoids are synthesized. Cannabigerol is a minor constituent of cannabis.

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS)

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a condition that leads to repeated and severe bouts of vomiting. It is rare and only occurs in daily long-term users of marijuana.

Cannabinol (CBN)

Cannabinol (CBN) is a mildly  psychoactive cannabinoid found only in trace amounts in Cannabis, and is mostly found in aged Cannabis. Pharmacologically relevant quantities are formed as a metabolite of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

CBN acts as a partial agonist at the CB1 receptors, but has a higher affinity to CB2 receptors; however, it has lower affinities relative to THC. Degraded or oxidized cannabis products, such as low-quality baled cannabis and traditionally produced hashish, are high in CBN. Unlike other cannabinoids, CBN does not stem directly from cannabigerol (CBG) or cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), but rather is the degraded product of tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA). If cannabis is exposed to air or ultraviolet light, such as in sunlight for a prolonged period of time, THCA will convert to cannabinolic acid (CBNA). CBN is then formed by decarboxylation of CBNA.

Carrier oil

Carrier oil, also known as base oil or vegetable oil, is used to dilute essential oils and absolutes before they are applied to the skin in massage and aromatherapy. They are so named because they carry the essential oil onto the skin. Diluting essential oils is a critical safety practice when using essential oils.

CBD isolate

CBD isolate is a pure, crystalline powder that contains 99% pure CBD. CBD isolate contains only CBD. All the plant matter contained in the hemp plant, including oils, waxes, chlorophyll, and more are removed, offering a finished product that’s CBD and nothing more.

D8-THC

D8_THC, delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol is an analogue of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) with antiemetic, anxiolytic, appetite-stimulating, analgesic, and neuroprotective properties. Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-8-THC) binds to the cannabinoid G-protein coupled receptor CB1, located in the central nervous system. CB1 receptor activation inhibits adenyl cyclase, increases mitogen-activated protein kinase activities, modulates several potassium channel conductances and inhibits N- and P/Q-type Ca2+ channels. This agent exhibits a lower psychotropic potency than delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC), the primary form of THC found in cannabis.

D9-THC

D9-THC, which stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-9-THC), is a cannabinoid molecule in marijuana (cannabis) that’s long been recognized as the main psychoactive ingredient—that is, the substance that causes users to experience the marijuana high.

Decarboxylation

Decarboxylation is …

Entourage Effect

Entourage Effect is a proposed mechanism by which cannabis compounds act synergistically to modulate the overall psychoactive effects of the plant, primarily by the action of tetrahydrocannabinol.

Flavonoids

Flavonoids are a group of plant metabolites thought to provide health benefits through cell signaling pathways and antioxidant effects. These molecules are found in a variety of fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids are polyphenolic molecules containing 15 carbon atoms and are soluble in water.

Full spectrum CBD

Full spectrum CBD from hemp contains terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, THCV and even trace amounts of THC. When full spectrum CBD is derived from marijuana it contains a higher level of THC that is easily detectable in drug test. Sometimes full spectrum CBD is referred to as whole-plant CBD.

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a techniquie in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture. The process relies on pumps to pass pressurized liquid solvent containing the sample mixture through a column with a solid, absorbent material.

Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs)

Mediumchain triglycerides (MCTs) are triglycerides with two or three fatty acids having an aliphatic tail of 6–12 carbon atoms, i.e., medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs). Rich food sources for commercial extraction of MCTs include palm kernel oil and coconut oil.

Neurogenesis

Neurogenesis is the process by which nervous system cells, the neurons, are produced by neural stem cells. It occurs in all species of animals except porifera and placozoans.

Pechoti Method

An Ayurveda treatment method that involves essential or other oils are dropped on to the belly button to combat different conditions. It’s name comes from the pechoti gland that is situated behind the naval.

Phytocannabinoids

Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant. The classical cannabinoids are formed through decarboxylation of their respective 2-carboxylic acids (2-COOH), a process which is catalyzed by heat, light or alkaline conditions.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation is a bioremediation process that uses various types of plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, and/or destroy contaminants in the soiland groundwater. … In this process, the plant releases natural substances through its roots, supplying nutrients to microorganisms in the soil.

Psycoactive

Psychotropic

Sublingual

Sublingual (abbreviated SL), from the Latin for “under the tongue”, refers to the pharmacological route of administration by which substances diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue.

Tincture

Tincture is typically an extract of plant or animal material dissolved in ethanol (ethyl alcohol). Solvent concentrations of 25–60% are common, but may run as high as 90%. In chemistry, a tincture is a solution that has ethanol as its solvent.

Terpenes

Terpenes (/ˈtɜːrpiːn/) are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects. They often have a strong odor and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores and by attracting predators and parasites of herbivores.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCVTHV) is a homologue of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) having a propyl (3-carbon) side chain instead of a pentyl (5-carbon) group on the molecule, which makes it produce very different effects from THC.

Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), is a cannabis compound that is beginning to demonstrate therapeutic potential despite the infancy of its research. You’ve heard of THC, and while they may sound similar, THCA has very different properties. Unlike THC, THCA is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in raw and live cannabis. As the plant dries, THCA slowly converts to THC. Heat expedites this conversion in a process known as decarboxylation, a fancy word that describes what happens when you smoke or vaporize flower.

Whole-plant CBD

Winterizing

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